Vision problems usually affect those who have Type 1 diabetes, but can also affect those with Type 2 diabetes. Vision issues such as:
- Blurred vision
- Ability to see color is diminished
- Floaters across field of vision
- Nighttime vision decreased
When a person has diabetes, the tissue in the back of the eye that allows light in may be damaged or may be growing too rapidly. This can happen over time and may eventually lead to blindness. Having a doctor examine the eye is the only way to determine the causes and determine whether surgery or other options are available.
Surgeries can include:
- Laser photocoagulation – destroys blood vessels that are blocking the light from entering the eye.
- Cryoretinoplexy – freezes blood vessels and stops tissue from growing behind the eye.
- Vitrectomy – remove vitrous from the eye.
These surgeries will help remove tissue that has been damaged by diabetes.
While there are many problems associated with diabetes, losing one’s vision over time can be very frustrating. Having yearly check-ups, wearing glasses, and monitoring how one’s vision seems during the day will help. If a person develops constant headaches, blurred vision, or other symptoms, they should consult a doctor to see what can be done. Many times reducing stress and changing dietary habits may be enough to stop the symptoms from returning.
Eating a proper diet and maintaining blood sugar levels will also help. Diabetes affects millions of people, but not all will suffer eye damage. This depends on diet, exercise, heredity, and other factors.